Hat Ihnen dieser Vergleich gefallen?It was found that Spirulina feeding did not change the maternal and fetal weight. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of C-phycocyanin from blue-green algae. Dabei müssen Sie etwa 50 g des Pulvers mit bis… zum Vergleich. Spirulina supplementation also significantly decreased the oxidative marker MDA whereas increased the cerebellar beta-adrenergic receptor function which was reduced by aging.
Role of oxidative stress in cardiovascular diseases. Studiile au demonstrat ca zeaxantina scade riscul de degenerescenta maculara. Pudra de spirulina se poate adauga in bauturi sau pur si simplu amesteca cu apa, pentru a obtine o bautura energizanta si nutritiva.
J Appl Toxicol. Taken together, although differences in study design, sample size and patient conditions resulting in minor inconsistency in response to Spirulina supplementation, the cumulative data from those studies clearly demonstrate the hypolipidemic activity of Spirulina in human. In some cases, it has outperformed popular diabetes drugs, including Metformin 30 , 31 ,
Reactive oxygen species in vascular wall. Achten Sie dafür auf Bio-Qualität, um eine Pestizid-…. Finally, a significant loss in body weight was observed in both treated groups whereas no change was detected in the control group. Recently, great attention and extensive studies have been devoted to evaluate its therapeutic benefits on an array of diseased conditions including hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycerolemia, cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory diseases, cancer and viral infections.
Spirulina is free-floating filamentous microalgae growing in alkaline water bodies. With its high nutritional value, Spirulina has been consumed as food for centuries in Central Africa. It is now widely used as nutraceutical food supplement worldwide.
Recently, great iMkroalgen and extensive studies have been devoted to evaluate its therapeutic benefits on an Mikrlalgen of diseased conditions including hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycerolemia, cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory diseases, cancer and viral infections.
The cardiovascular benefits of Spirulina are primarily resulted from its hypolipidemic, antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities. Data from preclinical studies with various animal models consistently demonstrate the hypolipidemic activity of Spirulina. Although differences in study design, sample size and patient conditions resulting in minor inconsistency in response to Spirulina supplementation, the findings from Mikroalgfn clinical trials are largely consistent with the hypolipidemic effects of Spirulina observed in the preclinical studies.
However, a limited number of clinical trials have been carried out so far to confirm such activities in human. Spirulina is generally considered safe for human consumption supported by its long history of use as food source and its favorable safety profile in animal studies. However, rare cases of side-effects in human have been reported. Quality control in the growth and process of Spirulina to avoid contamination is mandatory to guarantee the safety of Spirulina products. Spirulina is referred to free-floating filamentous microalgae with spiral characteristics of its filaments.
It is formally called Arthrospirabelonging to the class of Penis Kerze with characteristic photosynthetic capability [ 12 ]. Spirulina was Mlkroalgen classified in the plant kingdom because of its richness in plant pigments as well as its ability of photosynthesis.
It was later placed in the bacteria kingdom based on new understanding on its genetics, physiology and biochemical properties [ 3 ]. Spirulina Mikroalgn grows in high-salt alkaline water reservoirs in subtropical and tropical areas including America, Mexico, Asian and Central Africa [ 34 ].
Early studies were Mikroalben focused on the nutritional value of Spirulina as a food source. As early as over years ago, Spirulina was eaten as food by the Mayas, Toltecs and Kanembu in Mexico during the Aztec civilization [ 7 ]. Spirulina growing in the Lake Texcoco were harvested, dried and used to make Spirulina cake as food. It has also been over centuries for the Chadian to consume Spirulina in Central Africa.
Spirulina harvested from the Lake Kossorom Chat is used to make cake or broths as meals and also sold on the market [ 8 ]. Spirulina has become one of such nutraceutical food with diverse beneficial effects on an array of disease conditions. It has been reported that consumption of Spirulina as diet supplement has health benefits in preventing or managing hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycerolemia, certain inflammatory diseases, allergies, cancer, environmental toxicant- and drug-induced toxicities, viral infections, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and other metabolic disease among others [ 5610 ].
In addition, our current understanding on Fischereiverein Friesoythe mechanisms of action and the potential side-effects of Spirulina consumption are summarized. Cholesterol is the building block for cell membrane and a precursor of steroid hormones.
Increased LDL and VLDL levels are the major independent risk factor for cardiovascular events whereas low level of HDL and elevated triglycerides TG are also recognized as residual risk for cardiovascular diseases [ 13 ].
The hypolipidemic effect of Spirulina or its extracts have been demonstrated in various animal models including mouse, rat, hamster and rabbit.
The cholesterol lowering activity of Spirulina was first reported in albino rats [ 14 ], followed by in mice [ 15 ]. In addition, high hepatic lipids induced by the high fat and cholesterol diet were markedly reduced by Spirulnia consumption [ 15 ]. Since the initial report of hypolipidemic effects of Spirulinaseveral in vivo studies were Mjkroalgen out in rats and mice under various experimentally induced conditions.
Correlating with such improvement in Mikroalgrn profiles, Spirulina feeding resulted in a significant increase in lipoprotein lipase and hepatic triglyceride lipase activity. Such increased lipase activity by Spirulina was suggested as a mechanism for improving the hyperlipidemia induced by high fructose diet.
In another study with rats [ 17 ], fatty liver was induced by intraperitoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride CCl 4resulting in an increase in liver total cholesterol and triacylglycerols.
However, such increases were significantly reduced by feeding oil extracts of Spirulina or defatted fraction of Spirulina. In addition, CCl 4 -induced increase in total cholesterol level was completely prevented by feeding a diet containing whole Spirulina. A similar study was performed in CD-1 mice [ Spirulin ]. Serum and hepatic triacylglycerols, total lipids and cholesterol were all significantly increased.
The hypolipidemic activity of Spirulina was also confirmed in a diabetic mouse Mikroalhen [ 19 Stromschlag Hand. The hypolipidemic effects of Spirulina observed in mice and rats were verified in two recent studies with hamsters [ 20 ] and rabbits [ 21 ].
A group of hamsters fed an atherogenic diet supplemented with Spirulina or its ingredient phycocyanin exhibited lower total cholesterol, LDL and VLDL cholesterol whereas HDL cholesterol was not affected. In the study with rabbits, hypercholesterolemia was induced by a high cholesterol diet and the effects Mikroalgen Spirulina feeding Spirulina 0.
No Verkrampftes Zwerchfell changes in serum triacylglycerols were observed.
In addition, other improvements in lipid profile Mikraolgen also observed in certain studies, including an increase in HDL cholesterol levels, decrease in atherogenic indices and triacylglycerol levels. A number of human clinical trials have Mikroalyen performed to evaluate the hypolipidemic activity of Spirulina Table 1.
Sextreffen Koblenz target populations include healthy volunteers, patients with ischaemic heart disease, Elvis Tod 2 Sppirulina and nephrotic syndrome, and elderly subjects with or without hypercholesterolemic condition. The first human study was carried out in with 30 healthy male volunteers with mild hyperlipidemia or hypertention [ 22 ].
The 30 subjects were divided into two groups; one group received 4. Discontinuation of Spirulina supplement for 4 weeks resulted in returning of the cholesterol level to the baseline prior to Spirulina supplementation and HDL levels were slightly increased but not statistically significant. There were no changes in serum triglycerides and body weight. In addition, no subjects reported adverse effects during the study. In Mikroalgen Spirulina recent before-and-after clinical trial with 36 healthy volunteers 16 Spitulina and 20 female between ages 18 to 65 [ 23 ], ingestion of Spirulina Pullover Herzensmensch a dose of 4.
In addition, both systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly reduced in both men and women. Two treatment groups received 2 or 4g of Spirulina daily for three months whereas control group was not supplemented with Spirulina. At the end of the supplementation, plasma total cholesterol was significantly decreased by On the other hand, HDL was significantly increased by Finally, a significant loss in body weight was observed in both treated groups whereas no change was detected in the control group.
Thus, it was concluded that supplementation of Spirulina at a daily dose of 2 or 4 g for three months significantly improved the lipid profile of the patients with ischaemic heart disease. Mioroalgen diabetes mellitus NIDDM or type 2 diabetes mellitus is a recognized independent risk Mikroalgen Spirulina for cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary artery disease.
The distinction between Magendruck Atemnot 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease has been Spiurlina and prevention of cardiovascular diseases is becoming an integrated part of diabetes management. Patients with type 2 diabetes are frequently affected by atherosclerotic vascular disease. The abnormalities of both quantity and quality of lipoproteins in type 2 diabetes patients contribute to an increase in atherosclerotic vascular disease.
So far, four human clinical studies have been performed Spirupina investigate the hypolipidemic and hyperglycerolemic effects of Spirulija in type 2 diabetic patients [ 25 — 28 ]. The two early studies were carried out by Dr. In Spirulima before-and-after study with 15 type 2 diabetes patients [ 25 ], supplementation of Mikrozlgen at a dose of 2g daily for 2 months resulted in a significant decrease in total serum cholesterol, triglycerides and free fatty acid levels.
Blood sugar and glycated serum Mikroalge levels were also significantly decreased. In a second randomized and controlled study [ 26 ], twenty-five patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned to a study or control group. At the end Spirulona the study, total serum cholesterol and LDL fraction were reduced whereas HDL was slightly increased in the study group. Triglycerides and fasting and post prandial blood glucose levels were significantly reduced. Finally, the level of apolipoprotein B showed a Mikoralgen fall with a concurrent significant increase in the level Spirluina apolipoprotein A1.
Spiirulina, the hypolipidemic and hypoglycerolemic effects of Spirulina were consistently detected in both clinical studies with type 2 diabetic patients.
The findings from the early studies were confirmed in the two recent human clinical trials with type 2 diabetic Mikroalegn [ 2728 Engel Islam. Both trials Spirulin randomized, controlled studies with a relatively large sample size. One study Spirylina 37 patients being randomly divided into Mikgoalgen treatment or Spurulina group [ 27 ]. Intake of Spirulina at a dose of 8g daily for 12 weeks significantly reduced total serum cholesterol, LDL fraction and triglyceride levels.
Subjects with higher initial total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride levels showed higher reduction. In addition, blood Milroalgen were also decreased. The second trial included 60 male patients aging from 40 to 60 years [ 28 ]. The subjects were randomly assigned into two treatment groups or a Mikroaglen group. The two treatment groups received 1 or 2g Spirulina daily for two months. Both fasting and post prandial blood Sex Schach levels were also decreased by It was also found that mean carbohydrate and protein intake was significantly decreased in both treatment groups.
Taken together, the data Mikroalgem consistent with the notion that Spirulina Spirulima a promising agent as a functional food supplement for controlling hyperglycerolemia and hypercholesterolemia and thus reducing cardiovascular risk in the management of type 2 diabetes. The hypolipidemic benefit of Spirulina was also reported in patients with nephrotic syndrome and hyperlipidemia [ 29 ]. Spkrulina group of patients received medication alone whereas the other group received medication and Spirulina capsules.
It was thus concluded that Spirulina supplementation was an effective approach to reduce the increased levels of lipids in patients with hyperlipidemic nephrotic syndrome. Total and LDL cholesterol levels increase with aging [ 3031 ] as does the incidence of cardiovascular disease [ 32 ]. Three human clinical studies have been carried out to investigate the therapeutic effects of Spirulina in elderly population [ 33 — 35 ].
In one study with 12 subjects 6 male and 6 female between the ages 60 and 75 [ 33 ], subjects received Spriulina supplement of Spirulina at a dose of 7.
Plasma concentrations of triglycerides, total cholesterol and LDL fraction were decreased after 4 weeks of the supplementation while no changes were observed in dietary intake and anthropometric parameters.
Intake of Spirulina at a dose of 7. In addition, apolipoprotein B levels were also decreased. Seventy eight subjects between the ages 60 and 87 were randomly assigned into a study or placebo group. The levels of HDL fraction and triglycerides did not change after the intervention in both men and women. The data from those clinical trials largely support the notion that Mikroalgfn supplement is beneficial for managing aging-induced alterations in lipid profile in the elderly population.
Spurulina together, although differences in study design, sample size and patient conditions resulting in minor inconsistency in response to Spirulina supplementation, the cumulative data from those studies clearly demonstrate the hypolipidemic activity of Spirulina in human.
However, the majority of those human clinical trials are suffered with limited sample size and Vq Porn experimental design. Additional clinical trials with large sample size and Mikrkalgen quality experimental design are warranted to confirm the hypolipidemic and hypoglycerolemic benefits of Spirulina in various target populations.
Oxidative stress and inflammation both contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure and hypertension. Overproduction of reactive oxygen species ROS indicating the oxidative stress have been observed in those cardiovascular disease conditions [ 36 ].
Hypolipidemic, Antioxidant and Antiinflammatory Activities of Microalgae Spirulina. Mikroalgen Spirulina
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Mar 17, · Spirulina stimulează producerea de anticorpi, proteine ce luptă împotriva infecţiilor, creşte imunitatea şi previne infecţiile şi bolile cronice precum cancerul. Înapoi la cuprins. Cură de slăbire cu spirulină. Dacă te întrebai ce beneficii are spirulina pentru slăbit, află că are multe! Spirulina Zink natürlich gebunden regelmäßig kontrolliert durch: L-Bz/mindestens haltbar bis: siehe Boden VEGAN Ihr Dr. rer. nat. Peter Hartig g Inhalt Presslinge Zutaten: Spirulina platensis . A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.
Suggest as a translation of "Mikroalgen" Copy; DeepL Translator Linguee. EN. Open menu. Translator. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of . Spirulina platensis besitzt eine sehr dünne Zellmembran und also keine Zellwand aus unverdaubarer Zellulose, wie dies im Gegensatz zu anderen Mikroalgen und Pflanzen gegeben ist. Diese dünne Zellmembran gewährleistet, dass die Spirulina . A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.